Hong Kong has experienced a lot of colonialism era in its historical journey. The colonial era was begun by China imperialism at least 35,000 years ago which was then followed by dynasty after dynasty until the eighteenth century. Long story short, from the eighteenth century to the early nineteenth century, Hong Kong was colonized by the British, precisely until 1930s. British colonial period ended, which was then followed by the invasion of Japanese Empire on December 8, 1941. However, the country was then re-colonized by the British in 1945. Under the British colony, Hong Kong reached its massive recovery in industry, economy and health care system. Starting from July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was under the first special administrative region of China after the British ruled for 156 years.
Located on the south coast of China, Hong Kong is bordered by the Guangdong city in the north over the River Shenzhen and on the west, south and east, it has the South China Sea as the border. On a territory measuring 1,104 square kilometers or 426 square miles are Hong Kong Island, the New Territories, the Kowloon Peninsula, and more than 200 islands offshore, with Lantau Island as the largest one. With a population of approximately 7.03 million people, Hong Kong has lots of immigrants from the mainland China with the figure of 45,000 people each year, making Hong Kong’s population grow significantly.
The educational system in Hong Kong followed that applied in England. However, the government today preserves the policy of Cantonese-Chinese instruction and the use of Chinese and English in written language. The emphasis of secondary school students’ education in Mandarin language and trilingual and bi-literate proficiency has been increasing. Hong Kong has nine universities and a handful of private higher institutions that offers a variety of academic degrees, from bachelor’s to doctoral degrees as well as other diplomas.
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