Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is located in South East Asia, exactly on the Indochina Peninsula. With more or less 91.5 million people living in the country, Vietnam is the 13th most heavily populated state in the world. Its neighboring countries are Laos to its northwest, China to its north, the South China Sea to its east, and Cambodia to its southwest. It has an area of around 331,210 square kilometers or 127,881 square miles without the Hoang Sa Island and Truong Sa Island.
With a very long coastline measuring 3,444 kilometers or 2,140 miles, Vietnam has breathtaking coastal scenery in addition to its fertile land. As well as mostly hilly, the land of Vietnam is also heavily forested. About 42% of the total land area is covered in tropical forests and approximately 40% is mountainous area. The northern area of Vietnam is majorly filled with highlands and the Red River Delta while the southern part has coastal, mountainous, and forested areas. The terraced rice fields in a fertile area such as the delta are picturesque. With all the natural sources in this state, there are two beautiful places that are conserved as the World Natural Heritage Sites; Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park and Ha Long Bay.
Due to the topography features with varied latitude, the climate in this country tends to be different in one area to another. Naturally, the average temperature in the plains is higher than that in the mountains with the range of 21 to 28 0C in the plains and the mountains has very dramatic variety between 50C from December to January and 370C from July to August. Vietnam’s economy, obviously, is majorly agricultural with wet rice farming as the basis. Education tuition fee is not subsidized by its government and the number of universities keeps increasing from time to time. Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are two major cities where a large number of most favorite universities are located.
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